Batik is the art of using wax to create vibrant patterns on fabric, generally cotton or silk. Traditional block printing is labour-intensive but continues to be practiced today in various countries. Whilst Batik may have originated in India, it became more commonly known within Indonesia.
Like Ajrak, hand-carved, wooden blocks are used to form geometric patterns. The stamping process is done about 2-3 times a day to set a clear pattern. Batik prints can also be hand painted by wax, rather than block printed.
The fabric is then dyed, where the wax acts as a resist to keep the pattern. The wax is removed by use of boiling water, and the fabric is then dried.
A great sense of patience, knowledge of how to use the wax and how to prepare the colours is key to hand craft batik.